Economics at your fingertips  

Does environmental regulation drive away inbound foreign direct investment? Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment in China

Xiqian Cai, Yi Lu (), Mingqin Wu and Linhui Yu

Journal of Development Economics, 2016, vol. 123, issue C, 73-85

Abstract: This paper investigates whether environmental regulation affects inbound foreign direct investment. The identification uses the Two Control Zones (TCZ) policy implemented by the Chinese government in 1998, in which tougher environmental regulations were imposed in TCZ cities but not others. Our difference-in-difference-in-differences estimation explores three-dimension variations; specifically, city (i.e., TCZ versus non-TCZ cities), industry (i.e., more polluting industries relative to less polluting ones), and year (i.e., before and after the TCZ policy). We find that tougher environmental regulation leads to less foreign direct investment. Meanwhile, we find that foreign multinationals from countries with better environmental protections than China are insensitive to the toughening environmental regulation, while those from countries with worse environmental protections than China show strong negative responses.

Keywords: Environmental regulation; Foreign direct investment; Pollution haven effect; Difference-in-difference-in-differences estimation; Two control zones (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R11 L25 D22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (19) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Development Economics is currently edited by M. R. Rosenzweig

More articles in Journal of Development Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2019-11-01
Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:123:y:2016:i:c:p:73-85