EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Fertility at work: Children and women's labor market outcomes in urban Ghana

Rachel Heath

Journal of Development Economics, 2017, vol. 126, issue C, 190-214

Abstract: While it is commonly assumed that fertility decreases female labor supply, I show theoretically that fertility can increase female labor supply if returns to financial inputs in children are sufficiently high compared to returns to time investments. Using six rounds of a panel survey from urban Ghana, I find evidence of countervailing effects behind a net zero effect of young children on women's hours of work: labor supply on the extensive margin drops, but women who remain in the labor force increase their hours in response to a child. Women's labor supply particularly increases in response to a young child if there are older siblings or other adults in the household. By contrast, men's labor supply does not change in response to young children.

Keywords: Labor supply; Fertility; Children; Gender; Ghana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J22 O12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304387816300955
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:deveco:v:126:y:2017:i:c:p:190-214

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Development Economics is currently edited by M. R. Rosenzweig

More articles in Journal of Development Economics from Elsevier
Series data maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2017-10-13
Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:126:y:2017:i:c:p:190-214