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Using spatial factor analysis to measure human development

Qihua Qiu, Jaesang Sung, Will Davis and Rusty Tchernis ()

Journal of Development Economics, 2018, vol. 132, issue C, 130-149

Abstract: We propose a Bayesian factor analysis model as an alternative to the Human Development Index (HDI). Our model provides methodology which can either augment or build additional indices. In addition to addressing potential issues of the HDI, we estimate human development with three auxiliary variables capturing environmental health and sustainability, income inequality, and satellite observed nightlight. We also use our method to build a Millennium Development Goals (MDG) index as an example of constructing a more complex index. We find the “living standard” dimension provides a greater contribution to human development than the official HDI suggests, while the “longevity” dimension provides a lower proportional contribution. Our results also show considerable levels of disagreement relative to the ranks of official HDI. We report the sensitivity of our method to different specifications of spatial correlation, cardinal-to-ordinal data transforms, and data imputation procedures, along with the results of a simulated data exercise.

Keywords: Human development index; Factor analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O15 O57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:deveco:v:132:y:2018:i:c:p:130-149

DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2017.12.007

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