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Educational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database

Guido Neidhöfer (), Joaquín Serrano and Leonardo Gasparini

Journal of Development Economics, 2018, vol. 134, issue C, 329-349

Abstract: The causes and consequences of the intergenerational persistence of inequality are a topic of great interest among various fields in economics. However, until now, issues of data availability have restricted a broader and cross-national perspective on the topic. Based on rich sets of harmonized household survey data, we contribute to filling this gap by computing time series for several indexes of relative and absolute intergenerational education mobility for 18 Latin American countries over 50 years and making them publicly available. We find that intergenerational mobility is, on average, rising in Latin America. This pattern seems to be driven by the high upward mobility of children from low-educated families; at the same time, there is substantial immobility at the top of the distribution. Significant cross-country differences are observed and are associated with income inequality, poverty, economic growth, public educational expenditures, and assortative mating.

Keywords: Inequality; Intergenerational mobility; Equality of opportunity; Education; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I24 J62 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Related works:
Working Paper: Educational Inequality and Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America: A New Database (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: ducational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Educational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new database (2017) Downloads
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