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Improving or disappearing: Firm-level adjustments to minimum wages in China

Florian Mayneris (), Sandra Poncet () and Tao Zhang

Journal of Development Economics, 2018, vol. 135, issue C, 20-42

Abstract: We here consider how Chinese firms react to higher minimum wages, exploiting the 2004 minimum-wage Reform in China. After this reform, we find that the wage costs for surviving firms that were more exposed to minimum-wage hikes rose, but also that their productivity significantly improved, allowing them to absorb the cost shock without any change in their profitability and with limited job losses. Our results are robust to pre-existing trend analysis and an IV strategy. However, the survival probability of the firms that were most exposed to minimum-wage hikes fell after the Reform. Firm-level productivity gains partly came from better inventory management and greater investment in capital, at the cost of a reduction in firm-level cash.

Keywords: Minimum wages; Firm-level performance; Productivity; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J38 O12 O14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Related works:
Working Paper: Improving or disappearing: Firm-level adjustments to minimum wages in China (2018)
Working Paper: Improving or Disappearing: Firm-Level Adjustments to Minimum Wages in China (2016) Downloads
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