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The effect of teacher strikes on parents

David Jaume and Alexander Willén ()

Journal of Development Economics, 2021, vol. 152, issue C

Abstract: Teacher industrial action is a leading cause of temporary school closures around the globe. These events leave millions of families struggling with disrupted childcare arrangements and may have important consequences for the labor market outcomes of parents. This paper presents the first detailed analysis on the topic, exploiting recently digitalized data on teacher strikes in Argentina in a dose-response triple difference framework. Mothers respond to teacher strikes by dropping out of the labor force and this translates into a large reduction in earnings: 10 days of strike-induced school closures during the previous year reduces monthly labor earnings by almost 3 percent relative to the mean. A back-of-the-envelope calculation suggests that this amounts to an aggregate loss of more than $92 million dollars in Argentina each year. With respect to men, only fathers with lower predicted earnings than their spouses experience adverse labor market effects. Access to alternative care options mute some of the effects of strike-induced school disruptions on parental labor market outcomes.

Keywords: Teacher strikes; Teacher industrial action; Parental labor supply; School disruptions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2021.102679

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