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The intergenerational effects of paternal migration on schooling and work: What can we learn from children's time allocations?

Francisca Antman

Journal of Development Economics, 2011, vol. 96, issue 2, 200-208

Abstract: This paper explores the short-run effects of a father's U.S. migration on his children's schooling and work outcomes in Mexico. To get around the endogeneity of paternal migration, I use individual fixed effects and instrumental variables estimation (FEIV) where the instrumental variables are based on U.S. city-level employment statistics in two industries popular with Mexican immigrants. Overall, the estimates suggest that in the short-run, children reduce study hours and increase work hours in response to a father's U.S. migration. Decomposing the sample into sex- and age-specific groups suggests that this is mainly driven by the effects of paternal migration on 12-15Â year-old boys. These results are consistent with a story in which the immediate aftermath of a father's migration is one of financial hardship that is borne in part by relatively young children.

Keywords: Migration; Education; Child; labor; Time; allocation; Father; absence; Left; behind (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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