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Learning cycles in Bertrand competition with differentiated commodities and competing learning rules

Mikhail Anufriev (), Dávid Kopányi () and Jan Tuinstra ()

Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 2013, vol. 37, issue 12, 2562-2581

Abstract: This paper stresses the importance of heterogeneity in learning. We consider a Bertrand oligopoly with firms using either least squares learning or gradient learning for determining the price. We demonstrate that convergence properties of the rules are strongly affected by heterogeneity. In particular, gradient learning may become unstable as the number of gradient learners increases. Endogenous choice between the learning rules may induce cyclical switching. Stable gradient learning gives higher average profit than least squares learning, making firms switch to gradient learning. This can destabilize gradient learning which, because of decreasing profits, makes firms switch back to least squares learning.

Keywords: Bertrand competition; Heterogeneous agents; Least squares learning; Gradient learning; Endogenous switching (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C63 C72 D43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Related works:
Working Paper: Learning Cycles in Bertrand Competition with Differentiated Commodities and Competing Learning Rules (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Learning Cycles in Bertrand Competition with Differentiated Commodities and Competing Learning Rules (2012) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:37:y:2013:i:12:p:2562-2581

DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2013.06.010

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Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control is currently edited by J. Bullard, C. Chiarella, H. Dawid, C. H. Hommes, P. Klein and C. Otrok

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