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Estimation of financial agent-based models with simulated maximum likelihood

Jiri Kukacka () and Jozef Baruník ()

Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 2017, vol. 85, issue C, 21-45

Abstract: This paper proposes a general computational framework for empirical estimation of financial agent-based models, for which criterion functions have unknown analytical form. For this purpose, we adapt a recently developed nonparametric simulated maximum likelihood estimation based on kernel methods. In combination with the model developed by Brock and Hommes (1998), which is one of the most widely analysed heterogeneous agent models in the literature, we extensively test the properties and behaviour of the estimation framework, as well as its ability to recover parameters consistently and efficiently using simulations. Key empirical findings indicate the statistical insignificance of the switching coefficient but markedly significant belief parameters that define heterogeneous trading regimes with a predominance of trend following over contrarian strategies. In addition, we document a slight proportional dominance of fundamentalists over trend-following chartists in major world markets.

Keywords: Heterogeneous agent model; Simulated maximum likelihood; Estimation; Intensity of choice; Switching (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 C51 C63 D84 G02 G12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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