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Public debt and fiscal policy traps

Antoine Camous and Andrew Gimber ()

Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 2018, vol. 93, issue C, 239-259

Abstract: We present a theory linking the cyclicality of tax policy to inherited public debt. When debt is low, tax policy is countercyclical, in the sense that the government responds to low output by setting a low tax rate. Above a threshold level of debt, however, optimal tax policy becomes procyclical. This creates the possibility of self-fulfilling crises (“fiscal policy traps”), in which output is low because households expect high taxes, and the government sets high taxes because output is low. Our model suggests why highly indebted governments might implement procyclical tax policy even without facing high sovereign risk premia.

Keywords: Public debt; Tax policy cyclicality; Coordination failures; Expectation traps; Laffer curve (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 H63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control is currently edited by J. Bullard, C. Chiarella, H. Dawid, C. H. Hommes, P. Klein and C. Otrok

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Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:93:y:2018:i:c:p:239-259