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Output-unemployment asymmetry in Okun coefficients for OECD countries

Bod’a, Martin and Mariana Považanová

Economic Analysis and Policy, 2021, vol. 69, issue C, 307-323

Abstract: Different asymmetries in Okun’s law for 21 OECD countries over the period 1989–2019 are studied in the paper. To this end, an extended Okun equation accommodating possibly differentiated responsiveness to output and unemployment fluctuations is formulated applicable not only at the level of a whole economy, but also separately to gender-specific parts of the labor market in a system framework. For most of the countries, Okun’s law asserts itself with a greater magnitude in years when output recedes than in those when it grows. In nearly all the countries, Okun’s law is found stronger with decreases in unemployment and weaker or offset with rising unemployment. Finally, in the majority of the countries, male unemployment is more sensitive to output fluctuations than female unemployment, or there is no significant difference whatsoever.

Keywords: Okun’s law; Difference version; Asymmetry; Output-unemployment regimes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2020.12.004

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