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What is the exchange rate volatility response to COVID-19 and government interventions?

Gen-Fu Feng, Hao-Chang Yang, Qiang Gong and Chun-Ping Chang

Economic Analysis and Policy, 2021, vol. 69, issue C, 705-719

Abstract: The rapid spread of COVID-19 in 2020 has brought a profound impact on the global economy and forced countries around the world to adopt different intervention measures. Has COVID-19 and these government interventions affected exchange rate volatility? To answer the question, this research explores the impact of COVID-19 and the relevant government response policies on exchange rate volatility in 20 countries during the period of January 13, 2020 to July 21, 2020 by using system GMM estimation. The empirical results indicate that an increase in confirmed cases does significantly raise exchange rate volatility. The various policies adopted by governments in response to the pandemic, such as closing schools, restrictions on internal movements, and public information campaigns also inhibit exchange rate volatility. Furthermore, the economic response policies implemented by governments during the pandemic, including income support, fiscal measures, and international aid, have a restraining effect on exchange rate volatility. Our findings herein provide valuable information and implications for policymakers and financial investors around the world.

Keywords: COVID-19; Exchange rate volatility; Government response (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G15 G18 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2021.01.018

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