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Impact of economic sanctions and counter-sanctions on the Russian Federation’s trade

Trung Thanh Nguyen and Manh Hung Do

Economic Analysis and Policy, 2021, vol. 71, issue C, 267-278

Abstract: Economic sanctions remain a popular tool in international politics and have drawn the attention of economists, policy makers and the public. In this study, we examine the impact of economic sanctions imposed by Western countries on the exports of the Russian Federation (RF) and the impact of counter-sanctions responded by the RF on its import. We use the data from 49 trading partners of the RF from 2011 to 2018 and employ a gravity modelling approach, which allows us to undertake differences-in-differences estimations to identify the causal effects of sanctions and counter-sanctions. We find that (i) economic sanctions against and counter-sanctions from the RF lead to declines in both aggregate export and import values of the RF. The sanctions cause a decline of 25.25% of the export values of the RF to, while counter-sanctions cause a decline of 25.92% of the RF’s import values from sanctions sending countries; (ii) the effects of sanctions and counter-sanctions are not homogeneous among export and import products. The sanctions severely affect the RF’s export of oil products with a reduction of about 36.56% of the export value while the effects of the sanctions on the RF’s export of non-oil products are insignificant. Meanwhile, the counter-sanctions cause a decline in the import value of agro products by 54.52% and a decline in the import value of non-agro products by 20.86%. The decline in export and import indicates that these non-tariff barriers are harmful to both the RF and the countries imposing sanctions.

Keywords: International trade; Economic sanctions; Impact evaluation; Gravity modelling; Differences in differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 F13 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2021.05.004

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