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Regional aspects of financial development and renewable energy: A cross-sectional study in 214 countries

Marinko Skare, Beata Gavurova and Dean Sinkovic

Economic Analysis and Policy, 2023, vol. 78, issue C, 1142-1157

Abstract: Renewable energy is one of the most promising technologies for developing sustainable energy systems. This paper presents empirical evidence on the finance-green energy nexus. We use an extensive database on financial development (depth, access, efficiency, stability) from 1960 to 2017 for 214 countries, providing the first, to our knowledge, comprehensive empirical investigation on all four dimensions. We show macroeconomic and energy development conditions (public/social awareness and willingness, policy and legal framework, fossil fuels orientation, energy sector competition) are crucial to leverage financing and improve financing conditions for renewable energy entrepreneurs. Our empirical findings show that the financial system in East Asia and the Pacific is a significant constraint for investments in sustainable technologies. The cost of capital and debt, as well as the cost of equity and assets, for green investors, is commonly 30% higher than for non-green investors. Our findings support the crowding-in effect for South Asia. Here we supply empirical knowledge on the policymakers’ and investors (governments, institutions, markets) goals, policies, and instruments targeting green financing and sustainable development.

Keywords: Green energy; Renewable energy; Sustainable development; Green finance; Resource curse (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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DOI: 10.1016/j.eap.2023.05.006

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