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The inequality-emissions nexus in the context of trade and development: A quantile regression approach

Michael Hübler

Ecological Economics, 2017, vol. 134, issue C, 174-185

Abstract: If the emissions attributed to households' consumption rise in their income in a concave way, higher within-country inequality will reduce emissions. To test this negative nexus, the article utilizes simultaneous-quantile regressions with per capita CO2 emissions (or energy intensities of GDP) as the dependent variable and draws on country-level panel data. Overall, the estimates vary considerably across quantiles. Regressions with pooled data support the negative inequality-emissions (energy) nexus, whereas regressions with fixed-effects question it. International trade and international investments are mostly positively related to emissions (energy).

Keywords: Inequality; CO2 emissions; Energy intensity; Environmental Kuznets curve; Trade; FDI (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C5 F1 O1 Q3 Q4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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