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Measuring Environmental Inequalities: Insights from the Residential Segregation Literature

Y. Schaeffer and M. Tivadar

Ecological Economics, 2019, vol. 164, issue C, -

Abstract: Inequalities in exposure to environmental hazards and access to environmental amenities have been documented in many cities, in relation to residential segregation of low-income or minority groups. The literature on residential segregation measurement, however, has not yet been considered a source of insights for the measurement of environmental inequalities. Here, we propose two segregation-based indices–the Environmental Dissimilarity gap index (ΔEDK) and the Environmental Centralization index (ECd)–and a randomization method to make robust environmental inequality assessments. In addition, to help policy-makers target local policies better, we developed an original approach to identify and map hotspots that have a large influence on environmental inequalities. These methods are applied in Grenoble, France, to study the distribution of green spaces and industrial risks between poor and non-poor households.

Keywords: Environmental justice; Environmental equity; Spatial segregation; Monte Carlo simulations; Jackknife simulations; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.05.009

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