EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Biodiversity offsets and payments for environmental services: Clarifying the family ties

Anne-Charlotte Vaissière, Fabien Quétier, Coralie Calvet, Harold Levrel and Sven Wunder

Ecological Economics, 2020, vol. 169, issue C

Abstract: Biodiversity Offsets (BO) and Payments for Environmental Services (PES) are sometimes used interchangeably to characterize innovative economic tools to conserve or restore biodiversity, ecosystems, or their services. We assume that a confusion between PES and BO can have negative implications for biodiversity conservation. In this paper, we argue that these two tools follow different targets and have different founding principles, and thus, their basic mode of functioning would only coincide under special circumstances and institutional contexts. Here, we propose a new definition of BO, delimiting them more clearly from PES, and use practical examples to underscore conceptual differences. Both tools require specific policy framework conditions, in terms of rights, responsibilities, and enforcement. If unmet, however, the implications for biodiversity conservation outcomes are stronger for BO than for PES since BO are explicitly linked to biodiversity losses, while PES typically are not. PES experiences can certainly inform BO implementation vis-à-vis contract design and enforcement, but these PES lessons need to be enacted vis-à-vis BO specific requirements, in order not to underestimate generic risks in their implementation: if a PES scheme fails, payments can be stopped; if a BO fails, biodiversity losses remain.

Keywords: Ecosystems; Biodiversity offsets; Payment for environmental services; Conservation policies; Economic incentives (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092180091831111X
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: Biodiversity offsets and payments for environmental services: Clarifying the family ties (2020)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:169:y:2020:i:c:s092180091831111x

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106428

Access Statistics for this article

Ecological Economics is currently edited by C. J. Cleveland

More articles in Ecological Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().

 
Page updated 2020-06-24
Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:169:y:2020:i:c:s092180091831111x