EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Farm performance and input self-sufficiency increases with functional crop diversity on Swedish farms

Pia Nilsson, Riccardo Bommarco, Helena Hansson, Brian Kuns and Henning Schaak

Ecological Economics, 2022, vol. 198, issue C

Abstract: Diversified crop production is a key agroecological practice that enhances ecosystem functions and reduces reliance on costly external inputs, such as for plant protection and nutrition but might also increase labour costs and lower crop yields. We investigate if functional diversification, i.e., cultivation of crop species with contrasting ecological functions, is associated with a higher growth in farm economic performance and input self-sufficiency. This is compared with increased related crop diversity i.e., the cultivation of genetically closely related crop species. We apply the system GMM dynamic panel data estimator to 35,195 medium and large Swedish farms (2001–2018), combining information on crop grown on each field and year with farm financial and individual characteristics. We find growth in farm economic performance and input self-sufficiency to respond positively to functional crop diversification and negatively to related crop diversification. The results highlight that a decomposed assessment of crop diversification provides an enhanced understanding of the build-up of resource-use efficiencies and production- and market risk reductions on Swedish farms.

Keywords: Crop diversification; Functional diversity; Economic outcomes; Land Parcel Identification System; Agroecology (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800922001276
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:198:y:2022:i:c:s0921800922001276

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107465

Access Statistics for this article

Ecological Economics is currently edited by C. J. Cleveland

More articles in Ecological Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().

 
Page updated 2024-02-12
Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:198:y:2022:i:c:s0921800922001276