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Distributional impacts of car road pricing: Settlement structures determine divergence across countries

Dominika Kalinowska and Karl Steininger ()

Ecological Economics, 2009, vol. 68, issue 12, 2890-2896

Abstract: Social questions of distribution and equity are of major importance for the political acceptance of car road pricing. The argument that kilometre-based private vehicle charging disadvantages the poor is often the core reason for opposing its introduction. An article in this journal [Steininger, K.W., Friedl, B., Gebetsroither, B., 2007. Sustainability impacts of car road pricing: a computable general equilibrium analysis for Austria. Ecological Economics 63, pp. 59-69] proved the opposite for one European country, i.e. that the rich bear most of the burden. In the present paper we use the very same model structure and apply it in a simulation to the data of another country. While macroeconomic and environmental conclusions are similar, we find a different distributional impact of car road pricing in our case. This issue is also of relevance in the analysis of the distributional implications concerning (recently significant) gasoline price increases.

Keywords: Equity; Transport; policy; Distributional; impacts (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
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