Agri-environmental policies for biodiversity when the spatial pattern of the reserve matters
Laure Bamière (),
Maia David and
Bruno Vermont ()
Ecological Economics, 2013, vol. 85, issue C, 97-104
The aim of this paper is to compare different environmental policies for cost-effective habitat conservation on agricultural lands, when the desired spatial pattern of reserves is a random mosaic. We use a spatially explicit mathematical programming model which studies the farmers' behavior as profit maximizers under technical and administrative constraints. Facing different policy measures, each farmer chooses the land-use on each field, which determines the landscape at the regional level. A spatial pattern index (Ripley L function) is then associated to the obtained landscape, indicating on the degree of dispersion of the reserve. We compare a subsidy per hectare of reserve with an auction scheme and an agglomeration malus. We find that the auction is superior to the uniform subsidy for cost-efficiency. The agglomeration malus does better than the auction for the spatial pattern but is more costly.
Keywords: Agri-environmental policies; Biodiversity; Spatial pattern; Mathematical programming; Auction schemes; Agglomeration bonus/malus (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H23 Q12 Q28 Q57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Agri-environmental policies for biodiversity when the spatial pattern of the reserve matters (2013)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:85:y:2013:i:c:p:97-104
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