EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Motherhood, pregnancy or marriage effects?

Inés Berniell (), Lucila Berniell, Dolores de la Mata, María Edo, Yarine Fawaz, Matilde Machado () and Mariana Marchionni

Economics Letters, 2022, vol. 214, issue C

Abstract: The existence of large child penalties on women’s labor market outcomes has been documented for multiple countries and time periods. In this paper, we assess the extent to which marriage decisions and pregnancies may partly explain these child penalties. Using data from 29 countries drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), we show that although marriage has a negative effect on women’s employment (3.3%), its magnitude is much smaller than that of the negative effect of a first child (23%). Moreover, we find that pregnancies that end in non-live births have non-statistically significant effects on employment in the following years, supporting the exogeneity assumption underlying the identification in child penalty studies. These new results lend support to the hypothesis that child-rearing, rather than marriage or pregnancy, is responsible for women exiting the labor force upon motherhood.

Keywords: Pregnancy; Non-live births; Marriage; Child penalty; Motherhood; SHARE data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J16 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165176522001045
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: Motherhood, Pregnancy or Marriage Effects? (2021) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:214:y:2022:i:c:s0165176522001045

DOI: 10.1016/j.econlet.2022.110462

Access Statistics for this article

Economics Letters is currently edited by Economics Letters Editorial Office

More articles in Economics Letters from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().

 
Page updated 2022-09-11
Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:214:y:2022:i:c:s0165176522001045