Economics at your fingertips  

On Bayesian analysis and unit root testing for autoregressive models in the presence of multiple structural breaks

Loukia Meligkotsidou, Elias Tzavalis () and Ioannis Vrontos

Econometrics and Statistics, 2017, vol. 4, issue C, 70-90

Abstract: A Bayesian approach is suggested for inferring stationary autoregressive models allowing for possible structural changes (known as breaks) in both the mean and the error variance of economic series occurring at unknown times. Efficient Bayesian inference for the unknown number and positions of the structural breaks is performed by using filtering recursions similar to those of the forward–backward algorithm. A Bayesian approach to unit root testing is also proposed, based on the comparison of stationary autoregressive models with multiple breaks to their counterpart unit root models. In the Bayesian setting, the unknown initial conditions are treated as random variables, which is particularly appropriate in unit root testing. Simulation experiments are conducted with the aim to assess the performance of the suggested inferential procedure, as well as to investigate if the Bayesian model comparison approach can distinguish unit root models from stationary autoregressive models with multiple structural breaks in the parameters. The proposed method is applied to key economic series with the aim to investigate whether they are subject to shifts in the mean and/or the error variance. The latter has recently received an economic policy interest as improved monetary policies have also as a target to reduce the volatility of economic series.

Keywords: Autoregressive models; Bayesian inference; Forward–backward algorithm; Model comparison; Non-linear representation; Structural breaks; Unit root testing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C11 C22 G10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only. Contains open access articles

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Econometrics and Statistics is currently edited by E.J. Kontoghiorghes, H. Van Dijk and A.M. Colubi

More articles in Econometrics and Statistics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2019-04-11
Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosta:v:4:y:2017:i:c:p:70-90