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Charitable donations by China’s private enterprises

Björn Gustafsson, Xiuna Yang, Gang Shuge and Dai Jianzhong

Economic Systems, 2017, vol. 41, issue 3, 456-469

Abstract: The number of private enterprises in China has grown rapidly, and donations from them are an important source of philanthropy in China today. This paper investigates donations made by private enterprises in 2011 using a survey of data covering all 31 provincial-level units of China. The data show that philanthropy practised by Chinese private enterprises is widespread, but the amounts of donations are unequally distributed. Furthermore, donations are positively related to a company’s profit and in most cases also to the owner’s political participation as expressed in membership in the People’s Congress (PC) as well as the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) at different levels. Donating is also positively related to the presence of a branch of the Communist Party of China and a trade union within the firm. In contrast, there is little support for donations being related to the characteristics of the major owner of the business, such as their gender, age, previous employment experience, party membership or to the governance structure or location of the private firms.

Keywords: China; Philanthropy; Donations; Private enterprises (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:41:y:2017:i:3:p:456-469