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Exchange rate dynamics and their effect on macroeconomic volatility in selected CEE countries

Volha Audzei and František Brázdik

Economic Systems, 2018, vol. 42, issue 4, 584-596

Abstract: To understand the potential for forming an optimum currency area it is important to investigate the origins of macroeconomic volatility. We focus on the contribution of real exchange rate shocks to macroeconomic volatility in selected Central and Eastern European countries. The contribution of real exchange rate shocks relative to other shocks allows us to evaluate whether the real exchange rate is a source of volatility or a buffer against shocks, as the theory suggests. The identification of the contributions is based on variance decomposition in two-country structural VAR models, which are identified by the sign restriction method. For most of the countries in the sample, shocks are predominantly symmetric relative to their effective counterpart, although the role of non-symmetric shocks is non-negligible. In general, for all the countries considered except Bulgaria and Slovenia, the real exchange rate does not generate large volatility over the business cycle and, with the exception of Bulgaria and Romania, is mostly driven by the non-symmetric shocks. These results are consistent with the real exchange rate having a shock-absorbing nature.

Keywords: Sign restrictions; Real exchange rates; Structural vector autoregression; Asymmetric shocks; Monetary union; Central and Eastern Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 E32 F31 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2018.02.003

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:42:y:2018:i:4:p:584-596