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Do Pan-African banks have the best of both worlds?

Alexandra Zins and Laurent Weill ()

Economic Systems, 2018, vol. 42, issue 4, 665-681

Abstract: There has been a large expansion of foreign banks in Africa over the last two decades, with Pan-African banks playing a key role in this phenomenon. This paper questions if this development is beneficial for bank efficiency in African countries by investigating if Pan-African banks are more efficient than other types of foreign and domestic banks. We analyse the relation between ownership type and bank efficiency on a large sample of African banks covering 39 African countries over the period 2002–2015. We find that Pan-African banks are the most efficient banks in the African banking industries. We explain this finding with the fact that these banks combine the best of both worlds: they have the global advantages of foreign banks and the home field advantages of domestic banks. They are therefore able to be more efficient than both foreign banks from developed countries and domestic banks. This suggests that favouring the entry of Pan-African banks would be beneficial to bank efficiency in Africa.

Keywords: Africa; Bank; Efficiency; Ownership (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 G32 N27 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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