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Public spending, public governance and economic growth at the Vietnamese provincial level: A disaggregate analysis

Thanh Su, Neil Hart and Canh Nguyen ()

Economic Systems, 2020, vol. 44, issue 4

Abstract: This study examines the role of economic governance in the relationship between public spending, private investment, and economic growth in Vietnam at the provincial level. The study data consist of sixty-two Vietnamese provinces for the period 2006–2015. Some notable results are attained by applying a sequential (two-stage) estimation. First, the marginal benefits to economic growth of increased Vietnamese provincial government expenditures may be constrained because of the inefficiency of expenditures on education, business services, and public administration. Second, public spending and private investment are found to be substitutes at the provincial level. Third, based on the Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) ranking, used as a proxy for provincial public governance in Vietnam, the significance of public governance can be observed. The study concludes that good governance, characterized by different attributes, such as lower informal charges, greater transparency, and unbiased policy, plays a critical role in improving the impact of government expenditure on economic growth in Vietnamese provinces, particularly through its interactions with private sector investment.

Keywords: Economic governance; economic growth; GMM estimation; public spending (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 H1 O43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2020.100780

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