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Local fiscal multipliers and spillover effects: Evidence from Philippine regions

Margarita Debuque-Gonzales ()

Economic Systems, 2021, vol. 45, issue 2

Abstract: Fiscal policy in developed countries has been a rich topic since the Great Recession. However, research has remained limited for developing countries despite their similar use of fiscal policy and concerns about the efficiency of public spending. To help address this research gap, this paper provides a case study of multiplier effects of local government spending in regions in the Philippines as well as spillover effects of local government spending across regions. An instrumental variable based on the country’s intergovernmental transfer system is used to identify regional public spending in panel regressions. The local fiscal multiplier is estimated to be above one, where a 1-peso rise in spending by local government units in a region corresponds to a 1.2-peso rise in regional output. Multiplier effects are highest for capital expenditures and appear to be primarily driven by the services sector. Spillover effects are comparatively large, at around 1.8–2.0, highlighting the important role of domestic trade when stimulating regional economic activity.

Keywords: Fiscal policy; Fiscal multiplier; Local government spending; Fiscal spillover; Regional economic activity; Asian economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E62 H30 H50 H72 H77 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2020.100764

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