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World energy trilemma and transformative energy developments as determinants of economic growth amid environmental sustainability

Irfan Khan, Abdulrasheed Zakari, Vishal Dagar () and Sanjeet Singh

Energy Economics, 2022, vol. 108, issue C

Abstract: Energy is at the heart of many United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Countries should balance the three core dimensions of the world energy trilemma: energy affordability and access, energy security, and environmental sustainability to build a solid basis for prosperity and competitiveness. We investigate the impact of world energy trilemma and transformative energy developments on economic growth and environmental sustainability of the top ten and near bottom ten selected countries of SDGs index 2021, using investment in non-financial assets and energy use as moderator variables, from 1990 to 2016. We have developed a comprehensive empirical analysis and applied advanced econometric methodologies. Westerlund's panel co-integration suggests long-run relationships within the variables. Our long-run dynamic panel-data estimation, random-effects panel generalized least square regressions, and robust corrected standard error linear regressions findings indicate world energy trilemma and transformative energy developments simultaneously improve economic growth and environmental sustainability. However, investment in non-financial assets and energy use improves economic growth at the expense of environmental sustainability. This suggests that countries should improve energy policy coherence and integrate energy policy actions by balancing the crucial world energy trilemma dimensions to help develop a well-calibrated energy system.

Keywords: World energy trilemma; Transformative energy developments; Economic growth; Environmental sustainability; Top ten and near bottom ten selected countries of SDGs index 2021 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:108:y:2022:i:c:s0140988322000664

DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2022.105884

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Energy Economics is currently edited by R. S. J. Tol, Beng Ang, Lance Bachmeier, Perry Sadorsky, Ugur Soytas and J. P. Weyant

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