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Implications of greenhouse gas emission mitigation scenarios for the main Asian regions

Bas van Ruijven (), Detlef P. van Vuuren, Jasper van Vliet, Angelica Mendoza Beltran, Sebastiaan Deetman and Michel G.J. den Elzen

Energy Economics, 2012, vol. 34, issue S3, S459-S469

Abstract: In order to limit global mean temperature increase, long-term greenhouse gas emissions need to be reduced. This paper discusses the implications of greenhouse gas emission reductions for major Asian regions (China, India, Indonesia, South-East Asia, Japan and Korea) based on results from the IMAGE modelling framework. Energy use in regions and economic sectors is affected differently by ambitious climate policies. We find that the potential for emission reduction varies widely between regions. With respect to technology choices in the power sector, we find major application of CO2 storage in Indonesia and India, whereas Korea and India apply more solar and wind. Projections for Japan include a (debatable) large share of nuclear power. China and, India, and South-East Asia, show a diverse technology choice in the power sector. For the industry sector, we find that the recent rapid growth in China limits the potential for emission reduction in the next decades, assuming that recently built coal-based industry facilities are in use for the next decades. For the residential sector, the model results show that fewer households switch from traditional fuels to modern fuels in GHG mitigation scenarios. With respect to co-benefits, we find lower imports of fossil energy in mitigation scenarios and a clear reduction of air pollutant emissions.

Keywords: Greenhouse gas mitigation; Asia; Power sector; Industry; Household fuel switching; Co-benefits (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q40 Q41 Q42 Q54 Q56 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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