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Heterogeneous policies, heterogeneous technologies: The case of renewable energy

Francesco Nicolli () and Francesco Vona ()

Energy Economics, 2016, vol. 56, issue C, 190-204

Abstract: This paper investigates empirically the effect of market regulation and renewable energy policies on innovation activity in different renewable energy technologies. For the EU countries and the years 1980 to 2007, we built a unique dataset containing information on patent production in eight different technologies, proxies of market regulation and technology-specific renewable energy policies. Our main finding is that, compared to privatisation and unbundling, reducing entry barriers is a more significant driver of renewable energy innovation, but that its effect varies across technologies and is stronger in technologies characterised by potential entry of small, independent power producers. In addition, the inducement effect of renewable energy policies is heterogeneous and more pronounced for wind, which is the only technology that is mature and has high technological potential. Finally, ratification of the Kyoto protocol, which determined a more stable and less uncertain policy framework, amplifies the inducement effect of both energy policy and market liberalisation.

Keywords: Renewable energy technology; Environmental innovation; Heterogeneous policy effect; Feed-in tariff; Renewable energy certificates; Entry barrier (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q55 Q58 Q42 Q48 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Related works:
Working Paper: Heterogeneous policies, heterogeneous technologies: the case of renewable energy (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Heterogeneous policies, heterogenous technologies: the case of renewable energy (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Heterogeneous policies, heterogenous technologies: the case of renewable energy (2014) Downloads
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