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Analyzing light fuel demand elasticities in Brazil using cointegration techniques

Luciano Rodrigues and Mirian Rumenos Piedade Bacchi

Energy Economics, 2017, vol. 63, issue C, 322-331

Abstract: This study is intended to assess the sensitivity of demand for light fuels in Brazil to changes in prices and income, considering the unique characteristics of the Brazilian fleet, the lack of convergence across studies available for the domestic market and its importance in discussions on climate change and national security, among others. For this purpose, the short- and long-term price and income elasticities of light fuel demand were estimated using cointegration techniques, based on an empirical model that incorporates the unique features of the internal market. Despite the characteristics of the Brazilian fleet, the results showed that the elasticities found for the national market are similar to those seen in other countries. The conceptual framework and empirical analysis that were used also allowed for a better understanding of the differences between the results of studies on demand for gasoline, ethanol or natural gas in Brazil and those found in the international literature, providing key players in the sector with crucial information for designing public policies and business strategies.

Keywords: Cointegration; Fuel demand; Time series; Private transportation; Elasticities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C32 R41 D1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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