Foreign direct investment, income, and environmental pollution in developing countries: Panel data analysis of Latin America
Pratikshya Sapkota and
Energy Economics, 2017, vol. 64, issue C, 206-212
Effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) and income on pollution emissions are examined using time series data from 1980 to 2010 for 14 Latin American countries. Specifically, we test the validity of Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH) and Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis for this region. Results from panel fixed and random effects models that controlled the effects of physical capital, energy, human capital, population density, and unemployment rate indicate the validity of both the PHH and EKC hypothesis. Estimating two separate models for high and low-income countries does not alter the findings for the PHH, however, the impacts of human capital on pollution emission are found to be different for the two groups of countries. Policies that focus on attracting clean and energy efficient industries through FDI have potential to improve environmental health while enhancing economic growth in Latin America.
Keywords: Pollution haven hypothesis; Latin America; Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis; Fixed and random effects; Endogeneity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q56 Q53 Q43 F21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:206-212
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