Economics at your fingertips  

Foreign direct investment, income, and environmental pollution in developing countries: Panel data analysis of Latin America

Pratikshya Sapkota and Umesh Bastola

Energy Economics, 2017, vol. 64, issue C, 206-212

Abstract: Effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) and income on pollution emissions are examined using time series data from 1980 to 2010 for 14 Latin American countries. Specifically, we test the validity of Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH) and Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis for this region. Results from panel fixed and random effects models that controlled the effects of physical capital, energy, human capital, population density, and unemployment rate indicate the validity of both the PHH and EKC hypothesis. Estimating two separate models for high and low-income countries does not alter the findings for the PHH, however, the impacts of human capital on pollution emission are found to be different for the two groups of countries. Policies that focus on attracting clean and energy efficient industries through FDI have potential to improve environmental health while enhancing economic growth in Latin America.

Keywords: Pollution haven hypothesis; Latin America; Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis; Fixed and random effects; Endogeneity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q56 Q53 Q43 F21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Energy Economics is currently edited by R. S. J. Tol, Beng Ang, Lance Bachmeier, Perry Sadorsky, Ugur Soytas and J. P. Weyant

More articles in Energy Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2019-05-10
Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:206-212