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Future-proof tariff design: Recovering sunk grid costs in a world where consumers are pushing back

Tim Schittekatte, Ilan Momber and Leonardo Meeus

Energy Economics, 2018, vol. 70, issue C, 484-498

Abstract: Traditional analysis of distribution network tariff design assumes a lack of alternatives to grid connection for the fulfilment of consumers' electricity needs. This is radically changing with breakthroughs in two technologies: (1) Photovoltaics (PV) enable domestic and commercial consumers to self-produce energy; (2) Batteries allow consumers and self-producers to gain control over their grid energy and capacity parameters. Contributing to the state of the art, the grid cost recovery problem for the Distribution System Operator (DSO) is modelled as a non-cooperative game between consumers. In this game, the availability and costs of the two named technologies strategically interact with tariff structures. Four states of the world for user's access to technologies are distinguished and three tariff structures are evaluated. The assessed distribution network tariff structures are: energy volumetric charges with net-metering, energy volumetric charges for both injection and withdrawal, and capacity-based charges. Results show that in a state of the world with new technology choices for grid users both efficiency and equity issues can arise when distribution network charges are ill-designed.

Keywords: Batteries; Optimisation; Distribution network tariff design; Non-cooperative behaviour; Photovoltaics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C7 D61 L94 L97 Q41 Q42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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