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A structural model of cooking fuel choices in developing countries

Poblete-Cazenave, Miguel and Shonali Pachauri

Energy Economics, 2018, vol. 75, issue C, 449-463

Abstract: Access to cleaning cooking fuels and stoves is an important indicator of well-being, as this enables several improvements in quality of life. In many developing countries, a big proportion of the population still depends on biomass for cooking, and the adoption of clean cooking fuels is still limited. Here, we propose a structural model to estimate household demand and choices for cooking fuel using micro-datasets from nationally representative surveys for a subset of developing countries. We test the model by estimating the demand response to simulated changes in fuel prices and income. We find that the model provides a close approximation to the observed patterns in the data from the surveys. We also find that as long as incomes rise and the relative difference between the prices of biomass and cleaner fuels decreases, households will transition to cleaner cooking fuels. We discuss potential applications of the method for constructing and analyzing future scenarios of cooking energy transitions.

Keywords: Household energy consumption; Energy access (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q41 Q47 O12 O13 C53 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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