Consumption-based carbon emissions and trade nexus: Evidence from nine oil exporting countries
Muhammad Shahbaz () and
Energy Economics, 2020, vol. 89, issue C
The relationship between international trade and carbon emissions has been studied extensively; nonetheless, consumption-based carbon emissions, which is adjusted for international trade, have not been studied. This study is an attempt to address the gap by using consumption-based carbon emissions which is adjusted for trade in case of oil-exporting countries. The effect of international trade is analyzed by treating exports and imports separately from 1990 to 2018. The long-run impact of all variables, i.e., exports, imports, and gross domestic product (GDP) is higher than the short-run coefficients. The empirical evidence, both in the long-run and short-run, confirms the negative effect of exports on consumption-based carbon emissions. Furthermore, gross domestic product (GDP) and imports have a positive and statistically significant impact on consumption-based carbon emissions both in the short-run and long-run. Policies related to consumption-based carbon emissions and international trade shall realize the effect of government policies to absorb it fully by taking approximately two years.
Keywords: Consumption-based carbon emissions; Oil-exporting countries; International trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:89:y:2020:i:c:s0140988320301468
Access Statistics for this article
Energy Economics is currently edited by R. S. J. Tol, Beng Ang, Lance Bachmeier, Perry Sadorsky, Ugur Soytas and J. P. Weyant
More articles in Energy Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().