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The role of technology, product lifetime, and energy efficiency in climate mitigation: A case study of air conditioners in Japan

Daisuke Nishijima

Energy Policy, 2017, vol. 104, issue C, 340-347

Abstract: This study analyzed the impact on the life-cycle CO2 emissions derived from a specific durable good (i.e., household air conditioners in this study) of industrial technology changes, product lifetime changes, and energy efficiency improvements. I proposed a comprehensive structural decomposition analysis including two factors of average lifetime and energy efficiency trend of household air conditioners and applied the decomposition method to the Japanese environmental input-output tables of 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005. The empirical results show that “Household air-conditioner sector” itself contributed to reducing life-cycle CO2 emissions derived from household air conditioners, while other sectors such as “On-site power generation sector” and “Retail trade sector” contributed to increasing life-cycle CO2 emissions derived from household air conditioners. I also conducted combined scenario analysis about reduction potential of product lifetime and energy efficiency of air conditioners and the results showed the reduction rate of energy efficiency necessary for maintain CO2 emissions in 2005 at 1990 level on each average lifetime scenario. (e.g. if average lifetime of air conditioners is shortened by 1 year, energy efficiency of air conditioners have to be further improved by 20.6% from current level.

Keywords: Product lifetime; Life-cycle CO2; Energy efficiency; Environmental input-output analysis; Structural decomposition analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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