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How does urbanization affect carbon dioxide emissions? A cross-country panel data analysis

Ning Zhang (), Keren Yu and Zhongfei Chen

Energy Policy, 2017, vol. 107, issue C, 678-687

Abstract: As a crucial indicator of modernization, urbanization has significant effects on carbon dioxide emissions. Using a panel data of 141 countries over the period of 1961–2011, this paper analyzes the impact of urbanization on carbon dioxide emissions empirically. We employ two-way fixed effects model based on the extended STIRPAT theoretical frameworks. Our results show that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between urbanization and carbon emissions and the turn point is around 73.80%. But excessive urban concentration can claim the benefits of high-level urbanization. These findings can also help policy makers to use efficient urbanization to curb the carbon emissions, especially for the Asian countries that with high density of population.

Keywords: Urbanization; Urban primacy; Carbon dioxide emissions; Two-way fixed effects model; STIRPAT (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.03.072

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