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Energy use by Chinese economy: A systems cross-scale input-output analysis

X.F. Wu and G.Q. Chen

Energy Policy, 2017, vol. 108, issue C, 81-90

Abstract: An overview for energy use in Chinese economy is presented in this study by means of a systems cross-scale input-output analysis. To concretely reflect the cross-scale effect between China and the rest of the world, embodied energy intensity of foreign imports is provided on the basis of our recent work on the world economy, in contrast to the conventional assumption of the same intensity for both the foreign and domestic trade. In 2012, the energy embodied in gross fixed capital formation is found to constitute nearly half of the total energy use in China, three-quarters larger than the total household consumption. Approximately 40% of energy resources embodied in final use turn out to be imported from foreign regions, twice the share of the direct energy imports in total energy consumption recorded by traditional direct accounting. The trade imbalance in energy use is illustrated with the support of the law of comparative advantage. In addition to economic benefits, hidden social impacts, including indirect external dependence and health costs associated with non-energy trade, should also be considered by the government in industrial structure adjustment. The present embodiment study is expected to be remarkably supportive for sustainable energy policy making in China.

Keywords: Energy; Input-output analysis; Chinese economy; Trade imbalance; Sustainability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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