EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Impact of off-farm income on household energy expenditures in China: Implications for rural energy transition

Wanglin Ma, Xiaoshi Zhou () and Alan Renwick

Energy Policy, 2019, vol. 127, issue C, 248-258

Abstract: This study examines the impact of off-farm income on rural household energy expenditures, paying special attention to clean energies such as electricity and gas and non-clean energy such as coal. We use instrumental variable approaches to address the endogeneity issues of off-farm income and analyze household survey data collected from rural Gansu, Henan and Shandong provinces of China. Econometric results show that off-farm income promotes rural energy transition. In particular, off-farm income significantly increases both electricity and gas expenditures but decreases coal expenditure of rural households. Further analyses reveal that the energy transition effects generated by off-farm income are more pronounced for households in Shandong where the economy is relatively better developed relative to Henan and Gansu. Our findings highlight the importance of income diversification through off-farm activities by farm households to enhance clean energy accessibility and boost sustainable rural economic development.

Keywords: H31; P24; Q42; Off-farm income; Clean energy; Non-clean energy; Energy expenditures; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421518308127
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:enepol:v:127:y:2019:i:c:p:248-258

Access Statistics for this article

Energy Policy is currently edited by N. France

More articles in Energy Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2019-07-22
Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:127:y:2019:i:c:p:248-258