Interactions in Swiss households’ energy demand: A holistic approach
Mehdi Farsi and
Energy Policy, 2019, vol. 128, issue C, 136-149
This article analyzes the interactions and possible trade-offs between direct energy consumption and embodied energy requirement of households in Switzerland in order to assess the net impacts of standard energy policies focusing exclusively on direct energy use. Direct and embodied energy demand of Swiss households are estimated by combining consumption data of a national expenditure survey with data on energy intensity from life-cycle analysis. Using a system of equations and an instrumental variable approach, we find that both domains are driven by same determinants, but that there is no evidence for significant substitution between them. We also find an increasing effect of income on both domains, with particularly important effects on embodied energy. From a policy perspective, our findings highlight a concern that economic growth could bring about an increasing global energy demand through energy requirement for non-energy commodities. However, the wide-spread policies targeting direct energy are unlikely to cause a substantial shift in household consumption to embodied energy.
Keywords: Direct energy; Embodied energy; Environmental Kuznets curve; Households; Switzerland (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q40 Q41 D12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:enepol:v:128:y:2019:i:c:p:136-149
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