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Gender-differentiated impacts of a Rural Electrification Policy in Nigeria

Martín Cicowiez (), Opeyemi Akinyemi, Temilade Sesan, Omobola Adu and Babajide Sokeye

Energy Policy, 2022, vol. 162, issue C

Abstract: This paper investigates the potential impacts of the Nigerian Rural Electrification Fund (REF-1) on the development of rural communities and specifically assesses the policy's differential impacts on men and women's employment and income. It examines the best approach for the implementation of the subsidy grant that promotes economic activities in the rural areas, in line with the objective of the policy. To that end, a gendered Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model was employed and data were analyzed under four scenarios against a baseline scenario. The results indicate that as the rural electrification fund increases energy supply, market employment for women, factor incomes, and output in the agricultural sector also rises. Also, the scenario where the subsidy grant was combined with labour and factor productivity, recorded the largest increase overall. The policy implication of these results is that a policy complementary approach is needed to achieve the goals highlighted in the Nigerian Rural Electrification Strategy policy and to produce the desired economic outcomes. In other words, the government subsidy grants on its own to expand electricity supply in the rural areas is not sufficient, it will need to be complemented with policies that enhances productivity and efficiency.

Keywords: Rural electrification; Subsidy grant; SAM; Gender CGE; Public spending (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C68 H54 Q42 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112774

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