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Cost estimation of “coal-to-gas” project: Government and residents’ perspectives

Hui Li, Ruining Zhang and Xianneng Ai

Energy Policy, 2022, vol. 167, issue C

Abstract: China is implementing “coal-to-gas” project, which plays a significant role in improving the environment, optimizing the energy structure, and building a beautiful China. To provide references for optimizing subsidy standards and promoting the implementation of “coal-to-gas” project, this study analyzes the cost and burden under different subsidy scenarios by establishing a cost estimation model from government and residents' perspectives. According to the estimation results, the cost of “coal-to-gas” project occupies up to 16% of the general public revenue for the low-income city. Due to the high cost of the energy transition, the heating expenditure after subsidy consistently obsesses the low-income households, which even accounts for 16% of disposable income (residents' burden) in the less-developed city. To improve the subsidy efficiency, it is supposed to increase the subsidy standards in cities with a higher residents' burden and reduce it in cities with lower residents’ burden. The subsidies are suggested to be tilted towards low-income households and cities with low government revenue.

Keywords: “Coal-to-gas” project; Cost estimation; Government and resident; Subsidies reduction (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113077

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