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Causality between trade openness and energy consumption: What causes what in high, middle and low income countries

Muhammad Shahbaz (), Samia Nasreen, Chong Hui Ling and Rashid Sbia ()

Energy Policy, 2014, vol. 70, issue C, 126-143

Abstract: This paper explores the relationship between trade openness and energy consumption using data of 91 high, middle and low income countries. The study covers the period of 1980–2010. We have applied panel cointegration to examine long run relationship between the variables. The direction of causal relationship between trade openness is investigated by applying Homogenous non-causality, Homogenous causality and Heterogeneous causality tests.

Keywords: Trade; Energy; Causality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Related works:
Journal Article: Causality between Trade Openness and Energy Consumption- What Causes What in High, Middle and Low Income Countries (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Causality between trade openness and energy consumption: What causes what in high, middle and low income countries (2014)
Working Paper: Causality between Trade Openness and Energy Consumption: What Causes What in High, Middle and Low Income countries (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:enepol:v:70:y:2014:i:c:p:126-143

DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.03.029

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