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Agricultural policy, migration, and malaria in the United States in the 1930s

Alan Barreca (), Price Fishback () and Shawn Kantor

Explorations in Economic History, 2012, vol. 49, issue 4, 381-398

Abstract: The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was associated with a population shift in the United States in the 1930s. Evaluating the relationship between the AAA and the incidence of malaria can therefore offer important lessons regarding the broader consequences of demographic changes. Using a quasi-first difference model and a robust set of controls, we find a negative association between AAA expenditures and malaria death rates at the county level. Further, we find that the AAA was associated with increased out-migration of low-income groups from counties with high-risk malaria ecologies. These results suggest that the AAA-induced migration played an important role in the reduction of malaria.

Keywords: Malaria; Migration; Demographic change; Agricultural policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N32 I15 I12 I18 O15 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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DOI: 10.1016/j.eeh.2012.05.003

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Handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:49:y:2012:i:4:p:381-398