Did military service during World War I affect the economic status of American veterans?
Hui Ren Tan
Explorations in Economic History, 2020, vol. 75, issue C
I exploit discontinuous changes in the likelihood of military service induced by the transition between different registration regimes under the World War I draft to determine if wartime service affected economic outcomes. A new 1900–1930 linked sample is constructed to study the short-term effects, while the 1960 census is used for the long-term analysis. Implementing a fuzzy regression discontinuity design and a difference-in-discontinuities approach, I find little evidence of a causal relationship between wartime service and economic status. This may be due to America’s relatively short involvement in the war, coupled with comparatively less-generous benefits thereafter.
Keywords: Military service; World War I; Draft registration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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