Social democracy and the decline of strikes
Jakob Molinder (),
Tobias Karlsson and
Explorations in Economic History, 2022, vol. 83, issue C
This paper tests if a strong labor movement leads to fewer industrial conflicts. The focus is on Sweden between the first general election in 1919 and the famous Saltsjöbaden Agreement in 1938, a formative period when the country transitioned from fierce labor conflicts to a state of industrial peace. We use panel data techniques to analyze more than 2000 strikes in 103 Swedish towns. We find that a shift of political majority towards the Social Democrats led to a significant decline in strikes, but only in towns where union presence was strong. The strike-reducing mechanism is related to corporatist explanations rather than increased social spending in municipal budgets.
Keywords: Power resource theory; Industrial conflicts; Strikes; Labor markets; Local politics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H53 J51 N34 N44 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Social Democracy and the Decline of Strikes (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:exehis:v:83:y:2022:i:c:s0014498321000425
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