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OTC derivatives: Impacts of regulatory changes in the non-financial sector

Gustavo Araujo () and Sergio Leão

Journal of Financial Stability, 2016, vol. 25, issue C, 132-149

Abstract: In the aftermath of the 2007–2008 global financial crisis, a series of measures have been proposed to regulate the OTC derivatives market. The motivation is to increase the disclosure of OTC transactions aiming to decrease the probability of crisis. The main objective of this paper is to investigate how regulatory changes in the OTC derivatives market affect the non-financial sector. The Brazilian FX derivatives market provides a natural experiment for this issue: in 2011, the Brazilian government taxed short positions in FX derivatives to reduce the carry trade, which was causing the local currency to appreciate. Although Chamon and Garcia (2013, Capital control in Brazil: effective? International Monetary Fund, manuscript) find that this policy helped reduce the incentives for carry trade strategies, it could have unintended consequences on other markets. For example, if banks pass through the extra cost to clients, this taxation may affect the FX hedges of non-financial firms. This paper investigates whether, and if so how much, the increase in the cost of OTC derivatives is transferred to the non-financial sector. The results indicate that this cost more than doubled for companies exposed to devaluation of the local currency (for instance, importers). Although a thorough welfare analysis is beyond the scope of this paper, the findings suggest that this cost increase may be a concern to the extent that it could prevent EME firms from hedging their FX positions, as the NDF quotation of some EMEs is high due to the interest rate differentials.

Keywords: OTC markets; Capital controls; Carry trade; Capital flows; Cost of hedging (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F3 F38 G1 G32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Working Paper: OTC Derivatives: Impacts of Regulatory Changes in the Non-Financial Sector (2015) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2015.11.002

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