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The economic crisis: Did supervision architecture and governance matter?

Donato Masciandaro (), Rosaria Vega Pansini and Marc Quintyn

Journal of Financial Stability, 2013, vol. 9, issue 4, 578-596

Abstract: Since the mid-1990s worldwide efforts were undertaken to improve the effectiveness of financial supervision, through modifications in the architecture and governance. Did these improvements mitigate the 2008–2009 Crisis? This paper brings the first systematic analysis of the role of three main efforts: consolidation in supervision, decreasing central bank involvement and improving supervisory governance. The analysis employs a new and complex database on supervisory architecture and governance for 102 countries and uses two new indicators to evaluate the supervisory regime: the Financial Supervision Herfindahl Hirschman (FSHH) and the Central Bank Supervisor Share (CBSS) Indexes. The empirical tests allow us to disentangle the relative effects of the supervisory regimes on macroeconomic resilience. We conclude that two supervisory features—supervisory consolidation and supervisory governance—were negatively correlated with resilience, while central bank involvement in supervision did not have any significant impact. Our results show that the conditions under which micro-features of the supervisory design produce automatically macro-optimal outcomes are far from identified, and consequently contradict what was the generally accepted view before the crisis.

Keywords: Global crisis; Financial supervision; Central banking; Supervisory architecture; Supervisory governance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E44 G18 G28 H11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:finsta:v:9:y:2013:i:4:p:578-596

DOI: 10.1016/j.jfs.2012.10.003

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