Economics at your fingertips  

Reform and efficiency of state-owned forest enterprises in Northeast China as “social firms”

Xue Han, Gregory E. Frey, Yude Geng, Frederick W. Cubbage and Zhaohui Zhang

Journal of Forest Economics, 2018, vol. 32, issue C, 18-33

Abstract: State-owned forest enterprises (SOFEs) in northeast China have experienced past economic loss and environmental degradation, causing government to seek reforms. Measurement of technical efficiency allows us to evaluate overall trends and how reforms affect production of social and environmental goods. Previous assessments have used small samples, short time periods, and viewed SOFEs as if they were profit-maximizers. We compared a traditional profit-maximization framework to an alternative “social firms” framework for SOFEs to classify inputs and outputs, and data envelopment analysis to measure the efficiency of 86 SOFEs from 2003 to 2009. We argue that the social firm framework is more appropriate for SOFEs given their stated objectives. We found no overall trend in pure technical efficiency over time for the social firm framework; however, there was an increase in pure technical efficiency for the profit maximization framework, consistent with past literature. At the same time, there were decreases in scale efficiency primarily due to higher levels of government investment. We compared groups of SOFEs that underwent a specific pilot forest tenure reform to those that did not, and we found no evidence to support that tenure reform improved technical efficiency.

Keywords: Data envelopment analysis; Technical efficiency; State-owned forest enterprise; Forest tenure reform; Social firm; Tobit panel model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 C67 L20 L25 L32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.elsevier. ... 701775/bibliographic

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Forest Economics is currently edited by P. Gong and R. Brännlund

More articles in Journal of Forest Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

Page updated 2018-11-10
Handle: RePEc:eee:foreco:v:32:y:2018:i:c:p:18-33