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The relationship between dual practice, intention to work abroad and job satisfaction: A population-based study in the Serbian public healthcare sector

Marijana Gacevic, Milena Santric Milicevic, Milena Vasic, Vesna Horozovic, Marko Milicevic and Natasa Milic

Health Policy, 2018, vol. 122, issue 10, 1132-1139

Abstract: Increasing dual practice and emigration of health workers threatens the effectiveness of the healthcare system. Insufficient information exists about these phenomena in the transitional countries of South-East Europe. Serbia, a European Union candidate, permits dual practice and there is a high intention to work abroad among its prospective healthcare professionals. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and predictors of job satisfaction, dual practice, and intention to work abroad of all workers in the Serbian public healthcare sector (73,940 employees, a response rate of 83.8%). This study observed that 22.6% of the respondents were dissatisfied with their jobs, 11.7% reported dual practice, and 14.3% had an intention to work abroad. Physicians and nurses younger than 55 years of age employed in a tertiary healthcare institution, and males were more likely to be dissatisfied than other workers. Poor management and working conditions increased job dissatisfaction, with a subsequent increased odds for dual practice and intention to work abroad by 1.5 and 3.6 times, respectively. The national and institutional framework for health workforce policy and management must be powerful and efficient when taking advantage of the positive effects and managing the negative aspects of dual practice and the intention to work abroad.

Keywords: Dual job; Intention to work abroad; Job satisfaction; Management; Human resources for health; Public-private (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.09.004

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